Background: Inadequate lifestyles (LS) in young women may be related to the increasing population that migrate to the cities. Objective: To compare the LS in rural and urban women and to assess their relation with educational levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Material and methods: Four hundred and eleven women (233 from rural and 178 from urban areas) aged 20 - 44 years were studied using the McMaster University questionnaire Do you have to fantastic lifestyle?. Results : The mean age was similar in both groups (30.9 ± 7.2 years for rural vs 29.6 ± 7.3 for urban). Of the interviewed subjects, the rural women had a lower education level (47.2% had more than 8 years of study vs 73.6%; p < 0.0001) and had a partner more frequently (68.3% vs 53.4%; p < 0.04). The LS were better in the rural area (70.4 ± 12.4 vs 66.7 ± 14.0, p < 0.01) and this was determined by less consumption of alcohol and drugs, more physical activity and higher family support. A higher level of schooling was related to better LS. Additionally, the women who had good LS had a lower body mass index. Conclusion: The urban women have worse LS than the rural ones. In both groups, the educational level was associated with healthier LS and less obesity, well-known risk factors for chronic diseases.
Keywords: Lifestyle, urban, rural, obesity, women, alcohol, cardiovascular risk
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