Building Biological Complexity with Limited Genes

Author(s): Ravinder Singh, Mark D. Robida, Sina Karimpour

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 7 , Issue 2 , 2006

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How organismal complexity is achieved is a fundamental biological issue. The surprising revelation that complex eukaryotes have fewer than expected genes presents an important challenge for deciphering how organisms achieve complexity. The genome size and the gene number do not necessarily correlate in a consistent manner with the perceived organismal complexity. In this review, we focus on known molecular mechanisms that increase genetic complexity at the molecular and functional levels, and discuss features that have likely contributed to organismal complexity.

Keywords: TATA-binding protein (TBP), bacterial operons, ubiquitin, transcriptome, Somatic recombination, Polyadenylation

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Article Details

Year: 2006
Published on: 01 March, 2012
Page: [97 - 114]
Pages: 18
DOI: 10.2174/138920206777304669
Price: $65

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