Role of Bone Marrow in the Pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Author(s): Shunsei Hirohata

Journal Name: Current Rheumatology Reviews

Volume 2 , Issue 1 , 2006

Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by hyperplasia of synovial lining cells, consisting of macrophagelike type A synoviocytes and fibroblast-like type B synoviocytes. Type A synoviocytes, also called intimal macrophages, have been found to be derived from monocyte precursors in the bone marrow. Accordingly, the spontaneous generation of CD14+ cells from bone marrow CD14- progenitor cells is accelerated in RA, resulting in the facilitated entry of such CD14+ cells into the synovium. Whereas type B synoviocytes, also called fibroblast-like synoviocytes, are thought to arise from the sublining tissue or other support structures of the joint, they might be also derived from bone marrow progenitor cells. Thus, RA bone marrow CD34+ cells show abnormal responses to TNF-β , resulting in their accelerated differentiation into fibroblast-like cells producing MMP-1. On the other hand, persistent neovascularization is crucial for continuous synovial proliferation through delivery of nutrients and recruitment of inflammatory cells. In this regard, RA bone marrow CD34+ cells differentiate into endothelial cells much more effectively than control subjects, suggesting that bone marrow CD34+ cells might play a role in the synovial hyperplasia in RA through mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells that contribute to vasculogenesis. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that the bone marrow, rather than the synovium, might be the primary-lesion site of RA.

Keywords: Bone marrow, synovium, CD34, CD14, TNF-α, VEGF

open access plus

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2006
Published on: 01 March, 2012
Page: [47 - 54]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/157339706775697008

Article Metrics

PDF: 15