The Chinese Workplace Bullying Scale (CWBS) - The Structure and Validation
Pp. 45-54 (10)
Yong Xin Li, Guang Hui Nie, Yi Min Li, Ming Hui Wang and Guo Xiang Zhao
The study aims to investigate the structure of a Workplace Bullying Scale developed to measure
bullying behaviours in the indigenous Chinese work place context. The Scale was developed using standard
methods for instrument design involving literature review, interview, pilot study and survey. Based on the
literature, interview and pilot study, items for the Chinese Workplace Bullying Scale were developed. Items were
generated through open-ended and structure interviews with 127 interviewees who worked in different enterprises.
The preliminary CWBS was then designed and data were collected from an experimental sample consisted of 229
employees of different companies from various regions in China. Exploratory Factor analysis (EFA) was applied
to investigate the factorial structure of the CWBS using data collected from the test sample. The factorial validity
was further confirmed with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) using a test sample of 207 workers. Results of
the CFA indicated a three-factor structure of the CWBS including personal attack, attack through work tasks, and
social exclusion. Further studies were conducted to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. Cronhach’s
alpha values provided evidence for good internal reliability with values ranging from 0.71 to 0.85. The predictive
power of the CWBS was also demonstrated using hierarchical regression analyses.
Institue od Psychology and Behavior, Henan University, Kaifeng, PR China and 2School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, PR China.