Pp. 157-167 (11)
Maria-Angeles Aller, Laureano Lorente, Isabel Prieto and Jaime Arias
Hepatectomies in the rat can be improved using microsurgical techniques. The
distribution variations of the vascular and biliar lobular branches of the liver are observed under
magnification with an operating microscope and, therefore their dissection, ligation and section
are more accurate. The vascularization and bile drainage of the caudate process, a liver sector
located between the right lateral and caudate lobes can be identified using microsurgery. Removal
of two-thirds (70%) of the liver represents the most valuable animal model of liver regeneration.
The viability of the animal’s evolution after different types of subtotal hepatectomies depends on
an effective identification of these vascular and biliary branches. Microsurgery also permits the
use of various techniques for creating an anhepatic rat.
Surgery I Department. School of Medicine. Complutense University of Madrid. Spain..