Advances in Organic Synthesis

Volume: 1

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Advances in Organic Synthesis is a book series devoted to the latest advances in synthetic approaches towards challenging structures. It presents comprehensive articles written by eminent authorities ...
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Activation of Reactions by Lewis Acids Derived from Ga, In, Sb and Bi

Pp. 173-214 (42)

Teck-Peng Loh and Guan-Leong Chua


The Lewis acids derived from Ga, In, Sb and Bi were slowly replacing “traditional” Lewis acids. The reaction conditions using such Lewis acids are usually mild and compatible with much functionality. In addition, these Lewis acids frequently show unique chemistry, which foster niche applications and prompt further research into their chemistry.


Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.