Update in Infectious Diseases

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Infectious diseases represent an important group of medical disorder. This is still a public health problem for all countries around the world and the leading course of death. There are many ...
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Hemagglutin Gene of Bird Flu Virus in Thailand: A Variation of Their Encoding Proteins

Pp. 25-28 (4)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805005510901010025

Author(s): Viroj Wiwanitkit

Abstract

Background: Bird flu or avian flu, caused by H5N1 virus, is a new emerging infectious disease. It is noted that this H5N1 virus jumped the species barrier and caused severe disease with high mortality in humans in Vietnam and Thailand. Many were reported noted on nucleotide for HA of H5N1 in Thailand. However, there is no comparison on the structure of the protein encoded by the isolated HA in Thailand.

Method: Here, the author performed this study to compare the secondary and tertiary structures of the isolated HA from different sources in Thailand. The author used a bioinformatic technique to predict the secondary and tertiary structures of HA of H5N1 isolated in Thailand.

Result: Using NNPREDICT and CPHmodels 2.0 servers, the calculation for secondary and tertiary structures of H5N1 of HA isolated in Thailand was performed. The predicted structures of all 20 HA are same.

Conclusion: The structures of H5N1 derived from natural and non-natural hosts of virus are same. This implies that the mutation might not be the important factor leading to the cross species infection in Thailand but the individual defect of non-avian host might be the possible factor.

Keywords:

bird flu, Thailand, HA, structure, mutation.