4D Fetal Echocardiography

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical ...
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First Trimester Study of Fetal Heart with 4D Echocardiography

Pp. 147-159 (13)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805044411001010147

Author(s): Weissmann-Brenner Alina, Gindes Liat, Achiron Reuven


The following chapter discusses the added value of various novel 3- and 4-Dimensional Ultrasound (3D/4D US) applications for assessing fetal cardiac anomalies at the first trimester of pregnancy. Information on the importance of the early diagnosis, the feasibility, the anomalies that can be detected at early stages of pregnancy and the limitation of such early examination are discussed in details.


First Trimester, Fetal Echocardiography, 4D Fetal Echocardiography