4D Fetal Echocardiography

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical ...
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4D Study of Right Heart Anomalies

Pp. 104-118 (15)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805044411001010104

Author(s): Giuseppe Rizzo, Domenico Arduini


In this chapter, the 2D, color Doppler and four dimensional (4D) features of major right heart abnormalities are described. In particular, the echocardiographic views on which the various lesions are present are reported. The diagnostic role of 4D echocardiography in allowing a spatial demonstration of the defects with the possibility of getting new views into the heart is outlined. Videos of major diagnostic features are also provided, to facilitate the understanding of the text


4D Sonography, Fetal Echocardiography, Right Heart Anomalies, Prenatal Diagnosis.