Improvement of Bulk and Surface Properties of Stainless Steels
Pp. 139-150 (12)
Joseph Ki Leuk Lai, Kin Ho Lo and Chan Hung Shek
This chapter is on techniques that can be used to improve the properties of stainless steels.
Some of these techniques improve surface properties, while some of them enhance the properties
throughout the bulk of the material. Many of the techniques improve properties through grain
refinement, whereas some rely on a phase transformation. Some of the techniques are specifically
devised for a particular type of stainless steel (the technique that utilises reverse transformation of
martensite is mainly for the austenitic type) or for steels in the liquid state.
Surface modification, laser surface modification, grain refinement, carburisation, colossal
carbon saturation, Kolstering, S-phase, nitridation, heavy plastic deformation, martensite, reversion
transformation, intercritical annealing.
City University of Hong Kong.