Background: During pregnancy, maintaining an inadequate lifestyle (bad eating habits,
stress, consumption of toxic substances, etc.) generates complications such as pre-eclampsia, overweight,
lumbar pain and Gestational Diabetes.
Objective: This review was carried out with the objective to determine the influence of practising
physical activity on the prevention and treatment of Gestational Diabetes; and to evaluate the efficacy
of interventions based on therapeutic exercise in the management of such diseases.
Method: A systematic review of the publications of the last five years in Medline, Pubmed, Web of
Science and Cinahl databases was conducting with the terms Exercise and Gestational Diabetes.
Results: 25 articles were found, 9 were observational studies that analysed physical activity habits
through questionnaires, and other 16 applied an intervention. With respect to the frequency of the
sessions, most of these studies applied their interventions three times per week, with all of them obtaining
positive results. Regarding intensity, all the studies that referred to it concluded that it must
be at least moderate, highlighting that, at all times, the limitations of pregnant women must be taken
Conclusion: Both for the prevention and treatment of this disease, the physical activity must be performed
for a minimum of three times per week, at least in moderate intensity, and must be based
on aerobic, resistance and strength exercises.