A Review of Chemistry and Pharmacology of Piperidine Alkaloids of Pinus and Related Genera

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Author(s): Lav Singh, Atul K. Upadhyay, Pooja Dixit, Arpit Singh, Divyanshu yadav, Apurv Chhavi, Suraj Konar, Ravi Prakash Srivastava, Shivaraman Pandey, Hari Prasad Devkota, Praveen C. Verma, Gauri Saxena*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

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Background: Pinus belongs to the family Pinaceae, represented by several species across the globe. Various parts of the plant including needles are rich in biologically active compounds, such as thunbergol, 3-carene, cembrene, -pinene, quercetin, xanthone. Of all the alkaloids, the piperidine group is one of the important component and holds considerable medicinal importance.

Methods: The group of alkaloids was initially identified from the genus Piper through which a large variety of piperidine molecules have been extracted. The planar structure of this heterocyclic nucleus enables acetamide groups to be added at various ring configurations.

Results: Piperidines have gained considerable importance. The broad range of its therapeutic application has paved a way for researchers to implant the nucleus from time to time in diversified pharmacophores and establish new profile.

Discussion: Biological functions of piperidine metabolites have been mostly examined on a limited scale, and that most of the findings are preliminary. We have tried to present various clinical applications of piperidine alkaloids in this study that researchers have already attempted to demystify with time.

Conclusion: We have also illustrated different types of piperidine structures and their sources in different members of the family Pinaceae with special emphasis on Pinus. Given the importance of the piperidine nucleus, the study will enable the researchers to produce scaffolds of highest therapeutic efficacy.

Keywords: Pinus, Piperidine, heterocyclic, therapeutic, pharmacophores, chemistry

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1389201022666210812123815
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