Diagnostic Accuracy of Sagittal TSE-T2W, Variable Flip Angle 3D TSET2W and High-resolution 3D Heavily T2W Sequences for the Stenosis of Two Localizations: The Cerebral Aqueduct and the Superior Medullary Velum

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Author(s): Ayşe Nur Şirin Özcan*, Kerim Aslan

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

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Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of conventional Sagittal Turbo spin Echo T2-weighted (Sag TSE-T2W), variable flip angle 3D TSE (VFA-3D-TSE) and high-resolution 3D heavily T2W (HR-3D-HT2W) sequences in the diagnosis of primary aqueductal stenosis (PAS) and Superior Medullary Velum Stenosis (SMV-S), and the effect of stenosis localization on diagnosis.

Methods: Seventy-seven patients were included in the study. The diagnosis accuracy of the HR-3D-HT2W, Sag TSE-T2W and VFA-3D-TSE sequences, was classified into three grades by two experienced neuroradiologists: grade 0 (the sequence has no diagnostic ability), grade 1 (the sequence diagnoses stenosis but does not show focal stenosis itself or membrane formation), and grade 2 (the sequence makes a definitive diagnosis of stenosis and shows focal stenosis itself or membrane formation). Stenosis localizations were divided into three as Cerebral Aquaduct (CA), Superior Medullary Velum (SMV) and SMV+CA. In the statistical analysis, the grades of the sequences were compared without making a differentiation based on localization. Then, the effect of localization on diagnosis was determined by comparing the grades for individual localizations.

Results: In the sequence comparison, grade 0 was not detected in the VFA-3D-TSE and HR-3DHT2W sequences, and these sequences diagnosed all cases. On the other hand, 25.4% of grade 0 was detected with the Sag TSE-T2W sequence (P<0.05). Grade 1 was detected by VFA-3D-TSE in 23% of the cases, while grade 1 (12.5%) was detected by HRH-3D-T2W in only one case, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). When the sequences were examined according to localizations, the rate of grade 0 in the Sag TSE-T2W sequence was statistically significantly higher for the SMV localization (33.3%) compared to CA (66.7%) and SMV+CA (0%) (P<0.05). Localization had no effect on diagnosis using the other sequences.

Conclusion: In our study, we found that the VFA-3D-TSE and HR-3D-HT2W sequences were successful in the diagnosis of PAS and SMV-S contrary to the Sag TSE-T2W sequence and especially SMV localization decreases the diagnostic accuracy of Sag TSE-T2W sequence.

Keywords: Hydrocephalus, non-communicating hydrocephalus, aqueductal stenosis, superior medullary velum stenosis, high- -resolution 3D heavily T2W, variable flip angle 3D TSE.

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573405617666210806123720
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