The Absence of Myelin Basic Protein Reduces Non-Amyloidogenic Processing of Amyloid Precursor Protein

Author(s): Chika Seiwa*, Ichiro Sugiyama, Makoto Sugawa, Hiroaki Murase, Chiaki Kudoh, Hiroaki Asou

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 18 , Issue 4 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: The accumulation of amyloid β-protein (Aβ) in the brain is a pathological feature of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Aβ peptides originate from amyloid precursor protein (APP). APP can be proteolytically cleaved through amyloidogenic or non-amyloidogenic pathways. The molecular effects on APP metabolism/processing may be influenced by myelin and the breakdown of myelin basic protein (MBP) in AD patients and mouse models of AD pathology.

Methods: We directly tested whether MBP can alter influence APP processing in MBP-/- mice, known as Shiverer (shi/shi) mice, in which no functional MBP is produced due to gene breakage from the middle of MBP exon ll.

Results: A significant reduction of the cerebral sAPPα level in Shiverer (shi/shi) mice was found, although the levels of both total APP and sAPPβ remain unchanged. The reduction of sAPPα was considered to be due to the changes in the expression levels of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-9 (ADAM9) catalysis and non-amyloid genic processing of APP in the absence of MBP because it binds to ADAM9. MBP -/- mice exhibited increased Aβ oligomer production.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that in the absence of MBP, there is a marked reduction of nonamyloidogenic APP processing to sAPPα, and targeting myelin of oligodendrocytes may be a novel therapy for the prevention and treatment of AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease (AD), myelin basic protein (MBP), amyloid precursor protein (APP), myelination, soluble App α (sAPPα), non amyloidogenic processing.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Published on: 08 September, 2021
Page: [326 - 334]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567205018666210701162851
Price: $65

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