GEREA: Prediction of Gene Expression Regulators from Transcriptome Profiling Data to Transition Networks

Author(s): Min Yao, Caiyun Jiang, Chenglong Li, Yongxia Li, Shan Jiang, Liang He, Hong Xiao, Jima Quan, Xiali Huang, Tinghua Huang*

Journal Name: Current Bioinformatics

Volume 16 , Issue 9 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Mammalian genes are regulated at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. These mechanisms may involve the direct promotion or inhibition of transcription via a regulator or post-transcriptional regulation through factors such as micro (mi)RNAs.

Objective: Construct gene regulation relationships modulated by causality inference-based miRNA- (transition factor)-(target gene) networks and analysis gene expression data to identify gene expression regulators.

Methods: Mouse gene expression regulation relationships were manually curated from literature using a text mining method which were then employed to generate miRNA-(transition factor)- (target gene) networks. An algorithm was then introduced to identify gene expression regulators from transcriptome profiling data by applying enrichment analysis to these networks.

Results: A total of 22,271 mouse gene expression regulation relationships were curated for 4,018 genes and 242 miRNAs. GEREA software was developed to perform the integrated analyses. We applied the algorithm to transcriptome data for synthetic miR-155 oligo-treated mouse CD4+ Tcells and confirmed that miR-155 is an important network regulator. The software was also tested on publicly available transcriptional profiling data for Salmonella infection, resulting in the identification of miR-125b as an important regulator.

Conclusion: The causality inference-based miRNA-(transition factor)-(target gene) networks serve as a novel resource for gene expression regulation research, and GEREA is an effective and useful adjunct to the currently available methods. The regulatory networks and the algorithm implemented in the GEREA software package are available under a free academic license at

Keywords: GEREA, causality inference, gene expression regulation, transition networks, miRNAs, transcriptome profiling data, molecule.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 20 June, 2021
Page: [1190 - 1202]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1574893616666210621100335
Price: $65

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PDF: 159