The Effectiveness of the “Panjang” Poffertjes Consumption on Blood Glucose Level

Author(s): Sofyawati D. Talibo*, Imran Tumenggung, Fatmayanti Nawai, Rahma Labatjo

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 17 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Fragrant pandan leaf extract (Pandanus amayllifolius Roxb.) has pharmacological activity as an anti-diabetes, while sweet corn is believed to be a staple food or snack for people with diabetes mellitus. Thus, the foods could be used as an alternative to anti-diabetic functional food.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of “Panjang” poffertjes consumption with the addition of pandan leaves extract and sweet corn on the blood glucose level.

Methods: This study employs a randomized controlled trial approach with the pre-and post-test design. The data collected on the value of the glycemic index, glycemic load, and the results of 2 hours postprandial (pp) blood sugar level examination after consuming two Poffertjes formulas. The glycemic index (GI) was calculated by employing incremental area under the blood glucose response curve method for ten subjects and a 2-hour postprandial (pp) blood sugar level examination in 25 subjects with the range age between 18-24 years, with normal nutritional status (BMI = 18.58-23.88), 100% had no history of diabetes, did not smoke or alcohol and were not allergic to the tested food ingredients.

Results: the results show that the glycemic index of control Poffertjes obtained a value of 71.88 (high category), and “Panjang” Poffertjes got 52.82 (low category). The glycemic load of control Poffertjes obtained a value of 12.78 (medium category), while “Panjang” Poffertjes attained a value of 6.37 (low category). The difference in the average reduction in blood glucose with the intervention poffertjes was 11.08 mg/dl.

Conclusion: the provision of “Panjang” poffertjes has a significant effect on the decrease in twohour postprandial blood glucose level.

Keywords: Poffertjes, glycemic index, blood glucose level, diabetes mellitus, pandan leaves, sweet corn.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 18 June, 2021
Page: [773 - 781]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1573401317666210617155532

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