Codonopsis pilosula Polysaccharides Alleviate Aβ1-40-Induced PC12 Cells Energy Dysmetabolism via CD38/NAD+ Signaling Pathway

Author(s): Yi R. Hu, San L. Xing*, Chuan Chen, Ding Z. Shen, Jiu L. Chen

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 18 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and has a complex pathogenesis with no effective treatment. Energy metabolism disorders, as an early pathological event of AD,have attracted attention as a promising area of AD research. Codonopsis pilosula Polysaccharides are the main effective components of Codonopsis pilosula, which have been demonstrated to regulate energy metabolism.

Methods: In order to further study the roles and mechanisms of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides in AD, this study used an Aβ1-40-induced PC12 cells model to study the protective effects of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides and their potential mechanisms in improving energy metabolism dysfunction.

Results: The results showed that Aβ1-40 induced a decrease in PC12 cells viability, energy metabolism molecules (ATP, NAD+, and NAD+/NADH) and Mitochondrial Membrane Potential (MMP) and an increase in ROS. Additionally, it was found that Aβ1-40 increased CD38 expression related to NAD+ homeostasis, whereas Silent Information Regulation 2 homolog1 (SIRT1, SIRT3), Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α) and SIRT3 activity were decreased. Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides increased NAD+, NAD+/NADH, SIRT3, SIRT1, and PGC-1α related to NAD+, thus partially recovering ATP.

Conclusion: Our findings reveal that Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides protected PC12 cells from Aβ1-40-induced damage, suggesting that these components of the Codonopsis pilosula herb may represent an early treatment option for AD patients.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, Energy dysmetabolism, Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide, NAD+, CD38, neurofibrillary tangles.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 23 September, 2021
Page: [208 - 221]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1567205018666210608103831

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