Background: Depression is the most common mental health problem among students.
International students are more vulnerable and have shown an increased percentage of depression,
but no review on the prevalence of depression among international students is available.
Objective: To explore the documented prevalence of depression among international students studying
in universities and what are the associated factors of depression that are stated in the article mentioning
the prevalence of depression.
Methods: Various online databases were used to identify research articles related to the prevalence
of depression among international students published between January 2010 and April 2020. Ten
articles were included in this review based on the selection criteria.
Results: Overall, the prevalence of depression ranges from 22.6% to 45.3% among international
students and ranges from 34.2% to 46.5% in males and 33.2% to 54.1% in females. Academic
stress, English proficiency, cultural shock, burnout, distress, acculturative stress, social isolation,
living alone, and lack of social connectedness predicted the depression among international students.
Conclusion: The prevalence of depression is higher among international students compared to domestic
students and the general population. A thorough psychological and social assessment would
be beneficial to screen for mental health problems, including depression.