Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the SARS-COV-2 disease
pandemic on March 9, 2020. With the advent of this disease, another health burden was added
to about 37.9 million people in the world who are infected with HIV and are suffering from various
diseases. These people may be at serious risk of COVID-19. Information about the effects of
COVID-19 on people living with HIV, is limited.
Case Presentation: We reported a 61-year-old man who was a known case of HIV from 6 years
ago that was being treated with HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy). He also had a history
of Hodgkin’s lymphoma from 4 years ago who underwent autologous bone marrow transplantation
(BMT) 2 weeks before given referral to our hospital. He complained of weakness, anorexia,
and fever. RT-PCR for SARS-COV-2-RNA was positive in his nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal
swab. He was diagnosed with COVID-19 infection and treated with atazanavir. After one week,
the patient discharged in a good general state.
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, it is the first report of COVID-19 infection in an HIV
positive patient after BMT in Iran. Despite his immunodeficiency, COVID-19 disease had mild
manifestations and he had a good prognosis. We hope that our report and that of others can remain
promising to doctors and HIV patients cross fingers for COVID-19 recovery.