In-vitro Functionality of Clozapine Biphasic Release Minitablet Using Advanced Statistical Tools

Author(s): Hardik B. Rana*, Rushikesh Chaudhari, Vaishali Thakkar, Tejal Gandhi

Journal Name: Drug Delivery Letters

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: The better control of the drug release with immediate effect is the major concern to achieve better therapeutic action and patient compliance. The failure of the solid dispersion complex during storage as well as in-vivo is another concern for the oral solid dosage form.

Objective: The prime objective of the present study was to optimize the biphasic minitablet incorporating quality by design approach using the combination of waxy erodible and water-impermeable excipients. Exploration of Soluplus as a precipitation inhibitor and Dexolve as a solubility enhancer in oral solid dosage form was the secondary objective.

Methods: The drug-Excipient compatibility study was assessed by FTIR. Clozapine was chosen as a model drug that has poor aqueous solubility. The complex was formulated using B-cyclodextrin or HP B-CD or Dexolve by kneading method. The screening of solubility enhancers and their amount were performed based on phase solubility study. The precipitation inhibitor was screened as per the parachute effect study. Immediate release minitablets were formulated using a direct compression method using different disintegrating agents. The IR minitablets were evaluated for different evaluation parameters. The sustained release minitablets were formulated by hot-melt granulation technique incorporating the Precirol ATO 5 as a waxy excipient and ethyl cellulose as water impermeable excipient. The SR minitablet was optimized using a central composite design. The amount of Precirol ATO 5 and ethyl cellulose were chosen as independent variables and % drug release at 1, 6, and 10 h was selected as responses. The designed batches were evaluated for different pre and post-compressional parameters. The IR and SR minitablets were filled in a capsule as per dose requirement and evaluated for in-vitro drug release. The in-vivo plasma concentration was predicted using the Back calculation of the Wagner - Nelson approach.

Results: Drug - Excipient study revealed that no significant interaction was observed. Dexolve was screened as a solubility enhancer for the improvement of the solubility of clozapine. The Soluplus was chosen as a precipitation inhibitor from the parachute effect study. The immediate-release tablet was formulated using Prosolv EASYtab SP which yielded less disintegration time with better flowability. The sustained release mini-tablet was formulated using Precirol ATO 5 and ethyl cellulose. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional plots revealed significant effect of the amount of Precirol ATO 5 and ethyl cellulose. The overlay plot locates the optimized region. The in-vitro drug release study revealed the desired drug release of the final combined formulation. The in-vivo plasma concentration-time confirms the drug release up to 12h.

Conclusion: The biphasic mini-tablets were formulated successfully for better control of drug release leads to high patient compliance. The use of soluplus as a precipitation inhibitor is explored in the oral solid dosage form for a poorly aqueous drug. Prosolv EASYtab SP was incorporated in the formulation as super disintegrant. The amount of Precirol ATO 5 and ethyl cellulose significantly affected drug release in sustained-release minitablet. The approach can be useful in the industry.

Keywords: Clozapine, dexolve, prosolv, precirol ATO 5, biphasic minitablet, in-vitro.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 12 April, 2021
Page: [248 - 264]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/2210303111666210412163605
Price: $25

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PDF: 458