Recent Applications of Artificial Intelligence in detection of Gastrointestinal, Hepatic and Pancreatic Diseases

(E-pub Abstract Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Rajnish Kumar*, Farhat Ullah Khan, Anju Sharma, Izzatdin BA Aziz, Nitesh Kumar Poddar

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry


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Abstract:

There is substantial progress in artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms and their medical sciences applications in the last two decades. AI-assisted programs have already been established for remotely health monitoring using sensors and smartphones. A variety of AI-based prediction models available for the gastrointestinal inflammatory, non-malignant diseases, and bowel bleeding using wireless capsule endoscopy, electronic medical records for hepatitis-associated fibrosis, pancreatic carcinoma using endoscopic ultrasounds. AI-based models may be of immense help for healthcare professionals in the identification, analysis, and decision support using endoscopic images to establish prognosis and risk assessment of patient’s treatment using multiple factors. Although enough randomized clinical trials are warranted to establish the efficacy of AI-algorithms assisted and non-AI based treatments before approval of such techniques from medical regulatory authorities. In this article, available AI approaches and AI-based prediction models for detecting gastrointestinal, hepatic, and pancreatic diseases are reviewed. The limitation of AI techniques in such disease prognosis, risk assessment, and decision support are discussed.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Gastroenterology, Hepatic disease, Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

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Article Details

(E-pub Abstract Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/0929867328666210405114938
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