Background: Face COVID-19 pandemic, a need for accurate information on
SARS-CoV-2 virus is urgent and scientific reports have been published on a daily basis
to enable effective technologies to fight the disease progression. However, at the initial
occurrence of Pandemic, no information on the matter was known and technologies to
fight the Pandemic were not readily available. However, searches in patent databases, if
strategically designed, can offer quick responses to new pandemics.
Objective: The objective of this study is aiming to provide existing information in patent
documents useful for the developmentof technologies addressing COVID-19. Considering
the emergency situation the world was facing and the knowledge of COVID-19 available
until April, 2020, this work presents an analysis of the main characteristics of the
technological information in patent documents worldwide, related to coronaviruses and
the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
Methods: Regions of concentration of such technologies, the number of available documents
and their technological fields are disclosed in three approaches: 1) a wide search,
retrieving technologies on SARS or coronaviruses; 2) a targeted search, retrieving documents
additionally referring to Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE2), which is used by
SARS- CoV-2 to enter a cell and 3) a punctual search, which retrieved patents disclosing
aspects related to SARS- CoV-2 available at that time.
Results: Results show the high-level technology involved in these developments
and a monopoly tendency of such technologies, also evidencing that it is possible
to find answers to new problems in patent documents.
Conclusion: This work, then, aims to contribute to scientific and technological development
by raising the awareness of what should be considered when searching for technologies
developed for other matters that could provide solutions for a new problem.