Background: Medicinal plants present activities against neurodegenerative diseases
with potential for the pharmaceutical industries. Therefore, the objective of this
study was to investigate the current panorama of patents and articles of Brazilian medicinal
plants with pharmacological activities in the Central Nervous System (CNS), regarding
such aspects as the number of patents by countries, areas of knowledge, and technological
Methods: We carry out a technological exploration on the Questel Orbit® platform with
the descriptors: Agave sisalana P., Amburana cearenses A., Dimorphandra mollis B., Jatropha
curcas L., Poincianella pyramidalis T. and Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. with pharmacological
activity and scientific exploration in PubMed and Science Direct associated
with the CNS in the title, abstract, and methodology.
Results: A total of 642 patents were identified between the years 1999-2019. India, China,
and Brazil are highlighted, 6th place, out of a total of 48 countries. Of these, 30 patents
were not in the National Institute of Industrial Property, and 10% are Brazilian in
biotechnology and pharmaceutical products. Eleven articles were used in PubMed and
Science Direct with scientific domains (anticancer, neuroprotection and anti-inflammatory).
The Federal University of Bahia is highlighted, showing Technology Readiness Levels
(TRL4), basic skills of pre-clinical research.
Conclusion: Brazilian public universities have a significant role in the scientific, technological
and innovative development of therapeutic assets for CNS.