Preliminary Studies on Optimization of Anti-Parkinson Drug Loaded Lipid Nanoparticles Enriched Hydrogel Formulations for Management of Parkinson’s Disease

Author(s): Kumara S. Samanthula, Ramesh Alli, Thirupathi Gorre*

Journal Name: Current Nanomedicine
(Formerly Recent Patents on Nanomedicine)

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2021


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Introduction: Ropinirole (RP), is a selective dopamine agonist that is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). RP has low bioavailability of only about 50% due to the first-pass metabolism, and it requires frequent dosing during oral administration.

Aim: The objective of the current research was to develop RP-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (RP- SLNs), nanostructured lipid carriers (RP-NLCs), and their corresponding hydrogels (RP-SLN-C and RP-NLC-C) that could enhance RP therapeutic outcomes during PD treatment.

Methods: RP nanoparticles were prepared by homogenization followed by probe sonication and optimized based on particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential (ZP), % assay, % entrapment efficiency, and in vitro release studies. Optimized formulations were converted into hydrogel formulations using Carbopol 934 as a gelling polymer and optimized based on rheological and release characteristics. Optimized formulations were further evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), freeze-drying, and stability study at refrigerated and room temperatures.

Results: The optimized RP-SLN formulation showed particle size and entrapment efficiency of 213.5±3.8 nm and 77.9±3.1% compared to 190.6±3.7 nm and 85.7±1.7% for optimized RP-NLC formulation. PXRD supplemented and confirmed DSC results, RP was entrapped in a molecularly dispersed state inside the core of the lipid nanocarrier. Furthermore, RP-loaded lipid nanocarriers revealed a spherical shape in SEM images. In vitro release studies demonstrated sustained release profiles for RP from SLNs, NLCs, and their hydrogels over 24 h. Optimized SLN, NLC, and nanocarrier- loaded hydrogel formulations were stable over three months at 4ºC and 25ºC storage conditions.

Conclusion: Overall, the results demonstrated that lipid nanocarriers and their corresponding hydrogel formulations can be considered as a topical drug delivery vehicle for RP during the treatment of PD.

Keywords: Parkinson's disease, ropinirole, carbopol 934, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, hydrogel.

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VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 10 March, 2021
Page: [112 - 126]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/2468187311666210311114908
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