Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) is preferentially expressed in β-cells, but it is highly expressed in human insulinomas and gastrinomas. Several GLP-1 receptor–avid radioligands have been developed to image insulin-secreting tumors or to provide a quantitative in vivo biomarker of pancreatic β-cell mass. Exendin-4 is a high affinity ligand of the GLP1-R, which is a candidate for being labeled with a PET isotope and used for imaging purposes.
Here, we report the development and validation results of a semi manual procedure to label [Lys40,Nle14(Ahx-NODAGA)NH2]exendin-4, with Ga-68.
A 68Ge/68Ga Generator (GalliaPharma®,Eckert and Ziegler) was eluted with 0.1M HCl on an automated synthesis module (Scintomics GRP®).
The peptide contained in the kit vial (Radioisotope Center POLATOM) in different amounts (10-20-30 µg) was reconstituted with 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethansulfonic acid (HEPES) solution and 68GaCl3 (400–900 MBq), followed by 10 min incubation at 95°C. The reaction solution was then purified through an Oasis HLB column.
The radiopharmaceutical product was tested for quality controls (CQs), in accordance with the European Pharmacopoeia standards.
The synthesis of 68Ga]Ga-NODAGA-Exendin-4 provided optimal results with 10 µg of peptide, getting the best radiochemical yield (23.53 ± 2.4 %), molar activity (100 GBq/µmol) and radiochemical purity (91.69 %).
The study developed an imaging tool [68Ga]Ga-NODAGA-Exendin-4, avoiding pharmacological effects of exendin-4, for the clinical community.