Review on Pharmacological and Phytochemical Prospects of Traditional Medicinal Plant: Persicaria hydropiper (Smartweed)

Author(s): Abdul Nasir, Atif A.K. Khalil*, Muhammad Z. Bhatti, Ashfaq Ur Rehman, Jiayi Li, Zahida Parveen

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 21 , Issue 12 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre (family Polygonacea), commonly known as Polygonum hydropiper, is a popular medicinal plant used in traditional medicine. The plant is indigenous to the tropical northern hemisphere and temperate zone, including China, Bangladesh, India, and Japan. The plant is used in folk medicine for numerous ailments such as hemorrhoids, antifertility, diarrhea, and dyspepsia. Its medicinal usage in Unani, Ayurveda, Siddha, and other traditional medicine is well-recognized. So far, a wide range of active phytochemicals of this plant has been identified, such as flavonoids, sulphated flavonoids, terpenoids, anthraquinones, steroids, coumarin, simple phenolics, and others. Pharmacological data reported in the literature suggest that various parts of P. hydropiper exhibit antimicrobial, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antidepressant, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, anticancer, and antifertility effects. The present review aims to compile the coherently document research on the phytochemical, pharmacological, and biological activities of P. hydropiper from different parts of the globe.

Keywords: Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre, Polygonum hydropiper, Medicinal plant, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological properties, Biological activity.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 03 March, 2021
Page: [1027 - 1036]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1568026621666210303145045
Price: $65

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