The Art of Total Synthesis of Bioactive Natural Products via Microwaves

Author(s): Sasadhar Majhi*

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 25 , Issue 9 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Natural products are the most effective source of potential drug leads. The total synthesis of bioactive natural products plays a crucial role in confirming the hypothetical complex structure of natural products in the laboratory. The total synthesis of rare bioactive natural products is one of the great challenges for the organic synthetic community due to their complex structures, biochemical specificity, and difficult stereochemistry. Subsequently, the total synthesis is a long process in several cases, and it requires a substantial amount of time. Microwave irradiation has emerged as a greener tool in organic methodologies to reduce reaction time from days and hours to minutes and seconds. Moreover, this non-classical methodology increases product yields and purities, improves reproducibility, modifications of selectivity, simplification of work-up methods, and reduces unwanted side reactions. Such beneficial qualities have stimulated this review to cover the application of microwave irradiation in the field of the total synthesis of bioactive natural products for the first time during the last decade. An overview of the use of microwave irradiation, natural sources, structures, and biological activities of secondary metabolites is presented elegantly, focusing on the involvement of at least one or more steps by microwave irradiation as a green technique.

Keywords: Bioactive natural products, drug discovery, microwave irradiation, pharmacological aspects, sustainable Chemistry, total synthesis.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 25 May, 2021
Page: [1047 - 1069]
Pages: 23
DOI: 10.2174/1385272825666210303112302
Price: $58

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