Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Discrimination of Neoplastic and Non-Neoplastic Brain Lesions

Author(s): Qurain T. Alshammari*, Mohammed Salih, Moawia Gameraddin, Mohamed Yousef, Bushra Abdelmalik, Omer Loaz

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

Volume 17 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Differentiation of brain lesions by conventional MRI alone is not enough. The introduction of sophisticated imaging methods, such as MR Spectroscopy (MRS), will contribute to accurate differentiation.

Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRS in differentiating neoplasm and non-neoplastic brain lesion.

Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at Khartoum State from the period of 2015 to 2017. Thirty cases with brain lesions were included in the study investigated with MRS (Single-voxel spectroscopy) and conventional MRI. A comparison of MRS findings and histopathologic analysis was performed. The ratios of Cho/Cr and Cho/NAA were analyzed and compared between neoplastic and non-neoplastic brain masses. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.

Results: Out of the 30 patients affected with brain lesions, there were 16 females and 14 males with a mean age of 44 +- 18 years. The ratios of Cho/Cr and Cho/NAA were higher in gliomas, astrocytoma, and meningioma than non-neoplastic lesions. Kappa statistical value (K) showed a good agreement between MRS and histopathological analysis (K= 0.60). The diagnostic accuracy of MRS was 100%, with 82.60% sensitivity, 85.71% specificity, 95% PPV, and 60% NPV.

Conclusion: MRS has high diagnostic accuracy in differentiating neoplasm from non-neoplastic brain tumors. The elevation ratios of Choline-to- N-acetyl aspartate and choline-to- creatine can help neurosurgeons and clinicians differentiate benign from malignant masses.

Keywords: Brain lesions, accuracy, MRS, Cho/Cr, Cho/NAA ratio, PPV, NPV.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 23 February, 2021
Page: [904 - 910]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573405617666210224112808

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