Xanthohumol: A Metabolite with Promising Anti-Neoplastic Potential

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Hardeep S. Tuli*, Vaishali Aggarwal, Gaurav Parashar, Diwakar Aggarwal, Nidarshana C. Parashar, Muobarak J. Tuorkey, Mehmet Varol, Katrin Sak, Manoj Kumar, Harpal S. Buttar

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

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The overwhelming globalburden of cancer has posed numerous challenges and opportunities for developing anti-cancer therapies. Phytochemicalshave emerged as promising synergistic compounds with potential anti-cancer effects to supplement chemo- and immune-therapeutic regimens. Anti cancer synergistic effects have been investigated in the interaction between phytocompounds derived from flavonoids such as quercetin, apigenin, kaempferol, hesperidin, emodin etc., and conventional drugs. Xanthohumol is one of the prenylatedphytoflavonoid that has demonstrated key anti-cancer activities in in vitro (anti proliferation of cancer cell lines) and in vivo(animal models of xenograft tumours)studies, and has been explored from different dimensions for targeting cancer subtypes. In the last decade, xanthohumol has been investigated how it induces the anti-cancer effects at cellular and molecular level.The different signalling cascades and targets of xanthohumolare summarized in thisreview.Overall, this reviewsummarizes the current advances made in the field of natural compounds with special reference to xanthohumol and its promising anti-cancer effectsto inhibit tumour progression.The present review hasalso touched upon the potential of xanthohumol transitioning into a lead candidate from nano-therapy viewpoint along with the challenges which need to be addressed for extensive pre-clinical and clinical anti-cancer studies.

Keywords: Xanthohumol, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, anti-angiogenesis, anti-metastasis, antiinflammation

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871520621666210223095021
Price: $95

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