Virtual Screening of the Flavonoids Compounds with the SARS-CoV-2 3C-like Protease as the Lead Compounds for the COVID-19

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Gabriella Patricia Adisurja, Arli Aditya Parikesit*

Journal Name: Coronaviruses
The World's First International Journal Dedicated to Coronaviruses


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Abstract:

As per the1st of September 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has reached an unprecedented level of more than 25 million cases with more than 850,000 deaths. Moreover, all the drug candidates are still undergoing testing in clinical trial. In this regard, a breakthrough in drug design is necessary. One strategy to devise lead compounds is leveraging natural products as a lead source. Several companies and research institutes are currently developing anti-SARS-CoV-2 leads from natural products. Flavanoids are well known as a class of antiviral compounds library. The objective of this research is to employ virtual screening methods for obtaining the best lead compounds from the library of flavonoid compounds. This research employed virtual screening methods that comprised of downloading the protein and lead compound structures, QSAR analysis prediction, iterations of molecular docking simulation, and ADME-TOX simulation for toxicity prediction. The QSAR analysis found that the tested compounds have broad-spectrum antiviral activity, and some of them exhibit specific binding to the 3C-like Protease of the Coronavirus. Moreover, juglanin was found as the compound with the most fit binding with the Protease enzyme of SARS-CoV-2. Although most of the tested compounds are deemed toxic by the ADME-Tox test, further research should be conducted to comprehend the most feasible strategy to deliver the drug to the infected lung cells. The juglanin compound is selected as the most fit candidate as the SARS-CoV-2 lead compound in the tested flavonoid samples. However, further research should be conducted to observe the lead delivery method to the cell.

Keywords: SARS-COV-2, SARS-COV-2 3CLpro, flavonoid, molecular docking, QSAR, ADME-Tox, COVID-19

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2666796702666210222105547

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