Cross Talk between COVID-19 and Breast Cancer

Author(s): Hamendra Singh Parmar*, Aakruti Nayak*, Pramod Kumar Gavel, Hem Chandra Jha, Shivani Bhagwat, Rajesh Sharma

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 21 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Cancer patients are more susceptible to COVID-19; however, the prevalence of COVID-19 in different types of cancer is still inconsistent and inconclusive. Here, we delineate the intricate relationship between breast cancer and COVID-19. Breast cancer and COVID-19 share the involvement of common comorbidities, hormonal signalling pathways, gender differences, rennin- angiotensin system (RAS), angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2), transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV). We also shed light on the possible effects of therapeutic modalities of COVID-19 on breast cancer outcomes. Briefly, we conclude that breast cancer patients are more susceptible to COVID-19 in comparison with their normal counterparts. Women are more resistant to the occurrence and severity of COVID-19. Increased expressions of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are correlated with occurrence and severity of COVID-19, but higher expression of ACE2 and lower expression of TMPRSS2 are prognostic markers for overall disease free survival in breast cancer. The ACE2 inhibitors and ibuprofen therapies for COVID-19 treatment may aggravate the clinical condition of breast cancer patients through chemo-resistance and metastasis. Most of the available therapeutic modalities for COVID-19 were also found to exert positive effects on breast cancer outcomes. Besides drugs in clinical trend, TMPRSS2 inhibitors, estrogen supplementation, androgen deprivation and DPP-IV inhibitors may also be used to treat breast cancer patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. However, drug-drug interactions suggest that some of the drugs used for the treatment of COVID-19 may modulate the drug metabolism of anticancer therapies which may lead to adverse drug reaction events.

Keywords: Cytokine storm, ACE-2 receptors, diabetes, breast cancer, TMPRSS2, DPP-IV.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 15 February, 2021
Page: [575 - 600]
Pages: 26
DOI: 10.2174/1568009621666210216102236
Price: $95

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