The Role of Non-coding Genome in Cancer-associated Fibroblasts; Stateof- the-Art and Perspectives in Cancer Targeted Therapy

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Arezoo Gowhari Shabgah, Hamed Mohammadi, Pouya Goleij, Mahdiyeh Hedayati-Moghadam, Arash Salmaninejad, Jamshid Gholizadeh Navashenaq*

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets


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Abstract:

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are senescent fibroblasts in tumor nest, which trigger a signaling center to remodel a desmoplastic tumor niche. CAF’s functions in cancer are closely similar to myofibroblasts during the wound healing process. They can produce cytokine, enzymes, and protein- or RNA-containing exosomes to alter the function of surrounding cells. Non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs, modulate pathologic mechanisms in cancer. Dysregulation of these RNAs influences the formation and function of CAFs. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that CAFs, by releasing non-coding RNAs-containing exosomes, affect the tumor cells’ behavior. CAFs also secrete mediators such as chemokines to alter the expression of non-coding RNAs in the tumor microenvironment. This study aimed to discuss the role of non-coding RNAs in CAF development in cancer situations. Additionally, we are going to shed light on the therapeutic approaches to develop the strategies based-on the alteration of non-coding RNAs in cancer.

Keywords: non-coding RNA, miRNA, lncRNA, Cancer, cancer-associated fibroblasts, fibroblasts

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1389450122666210216091953
Price: $95

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