Objective: This research work aimed to target the early morning peak symptoms of chronic stable angina through formulating antianginal drug, Trimetazidine (TMZ) in a pulsatile-release tablet.
Methods: The core formulae were optimized using 22.31 factorial design to minimize disintegration time (DT) and maximize drug release after 5 minutes (Q5min). Different ratios of Eudragit S100 and Eudragit L100 were used as a coating mixture for the selected core with or without a second coating layer of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC E50). The different formulation variables were statistically optimized for their effect on lag time and drug release after 7 hours (Q7h) using Box-Behnken design. The optimized formula (PO) was subjected to stability study and pharmacokinetic assessment on New Zealand rabbits.
Results: The optimal core (F8) was found to have 1.76 min disintegration time and 61.45% Q5min PO showed a lag time of 6.17 h with 94.80% Q7h and retained good stability over three months. The pharmacokinetic study confirmed the pulsatile–release pattern with Cmax of 206.19 ng/ml at 5.33 h (Tmax), as well as 95.85% relative bioavailability compared to TMZ solution.
Conclusion: Overall pulsatile-release tablets of TMZ succeeded in releasing the drug rapidly after a desirable lag time, providing a promising approach for early morning anginal symptoms relief.