Background: Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ALLO-HSCT) is a
potentially curative approach to treat β-thalassemia major (β-TM).
Objective and Methods: To assess the quality of life (QOL) of patients with β-TM after ALLO-HSCT,
we searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and MEDLINE for articles on the quality of
life (QOL) of patients with β-TM from 1 Feb 2020 to 31 Mar 2020.
Results: Our review revealed that the QOL of patients with β-TM after ALLO-HSCT from a sibling
donor is higher than that of patients that received blood infusion and iron-chelating therapy.
Survivors of ALLO-HSCT have a QOL as good as that of a healthy population and the ability to return
to normal life. However, studies thus far are limited to investigations with a few patients with
β-TM who received ALLO-HSCT of the bone marrow (BM) from a sibling donor or related donor.
Graft vs. host disease, patient age, gender, sexual desire, health condition, psychological state, financial
and employment stress, and social support contributed to a worse QOL after ALLO-HSCT.
Medicine usage, physical therapy, and psychological intervention may help improve the decline in
QOL related to ALLO-HSCT in patients with β-TM.
Conclusion: Doctors and nurses must focus on implementing medicine usage, physical therapy,
and psychological intervention to improve the decline in QOL related to ALLO-HSCT.