Development and Optimization of Mirabegron Solid Lipid Nanoparticles as an Oral Drug Delivery for Overactive Bladder

Author(s): Prajakta Raut, Makarand Gambhire*, Dhruvi Panchal, Vaishali Gambhire

Journal Name: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology

Volume 9 , Issue 2 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Mirabegron (MBN), a β-3 adrenergic agent, is used in the treatment of overactive bladder. MBN has alow water solubility, high first-pass metabolism, and low bioavailability, consequently having poor absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.

Objective: The present study is intended to formulate Mirabegron-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (MBN-SLN) coated with PEG-400 to bypass hepatic first-pass metabolism and to improve its oral bioavailability.

Methods: MBN-SLNs were developed using glyceryl monostearate by pre-emulsion-ultrasonication method, which was then optimized applying Box-Behnken Design. The optimized batch of MBN-SLN was selected for surface-modification with PEG-400 (MBN-PEG-SLN) and characterized by photon correlation spectroscopy, DSC, and XRD. Bioavailability studies were conducted in Wistar rats after oral administration of plain MBN dispersion, MBN-SLN, and MBN-PEG-SLN.

Results: Stable MBN-SLNs and MBN-PEG-SLN of the optimized batch having a mean particle size of 162.7 nm and 149.9 nm; zeta potential of -39.1 mV and -30.9 mV; % entrapment of 89.90% and 90.12%, respectively, were developed. The results of the in vitro drug release studies demonstrated a significant slow release of MBN from MBN-SLN (69.38%) and MBN-PEG-SLN (61.33%) as compared to the dispersion of pure drug (92.10%). The relative bioavailability, as a result of the in vivo studies, of MBN from MBN-PEG-SLN increased by 2-fold, based on the Cmax values, in comparison with the plain MBN dispersion.

Conclusion: Thus, the study established that the oral bioavailability of MBN could be improved by the administration of MBN-PEG-SLN. The obtained results indicate SLNs as a potential drug delivery system for improving the bioavailability of poorly bioavailable drugs such as MBN by abating the first-pass metabolism.

Keywords: Mirabegron, solid lipid nanoparticles, pre-emulsion-ultrasonication, PEGylation, oral delivery, box-behnken design, bioavailability.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 27 January, 2021
Page: [120 - 129]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/2211738509666210127143107
Price: $65

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