The strategy used for the treatment of given brain cancer is critical in determining the
post effects and survival. An oncological diagnosis of tumor evaluates a range of parameters such
as shape, size, volume, location and neurological complexity that define the symptomatic severity.
The evaluation determines a suitable treatment approach chosen from a range of options such as
surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation therapy and other targeted therapies. Often, a
combination of such therapies is applied to achieve superior results. Radiotherapy serves as a better
treatment strategy because of a higher survival rate. It offers the flexibility of synergy with other
treatment strategies and fewer side effects on organs at risk. This review presents a radiobiological
perspective in the treatment of brain tumor. The cause, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment
effects and the framework involved in its elimination are summarized.