Hydraulic Power Plants: A Textbook for Engineering Students

Hydraulic Power Plants: A Textbook for Engineering Students

Hydraulic Power Plants is a textbook for engineering students which explains the construction of hydraulic power plants. The book presents the theory of the working process for each part, i.e. the ...
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Impulse Water Turbine

Pp. 21-48 (28)

Jafar Mehdi Hassan, Salman Hussien Omran, Laith Jaafer Habeeb, Alamaslamani Ammar Fadhil Shnawa and Adrian Ciocănea

Abstract

Impulse water turbine (Pelton turbine or Pelton wheel) is the standard type of turbines that are widely used nowadays. It is also called a free jet turbine. Pelton turbine operates under the high head of water and therefore, requires a comparatively less quantity of water.

In this chapter, the components of hydro-electric power plants using this type of turbine are presented with neat sketches. Theory of power, all mathematical calculations using velocity diagrams, solutions for single or multi-sets, power regulation components, supply, and discharge systems are also presented. Finally, solved problems are illustrated in detail at the end of this chapter.

Keywords:

Components of impulse turbine, Pelton turbine, Power regulation mechanisms, Supply and discharge system.

Affiliation:

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology, Iraq.