Impulse Water Turbine
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Jafar Mehdi Hassan, Salman Hussien Omran, Laith Jaafer Habeeb, Alamaslamani Ammar Fadhil Shnawa and Adrian Ciocănea
Impulse water turbine (Pelton turbine or Pelton wheel) is the standard type
of turbines that are widely used nowadays. It is also called a free jet turbine. Pelton
turbine operates under the high head of water and therefore, requires a comparatively
less quantity of water.
In this chapter, the components of hydro-electric power plants using this type of
turbine are presented with neat sketches. Theory of power, all mathematical
calculations using velocity diagrams, solutions for single or multi-sets, power
regulation components, supply, and discharge systems are also presented.
Finally, solved problems are illustrated in detail at the end of this chapter.
Components of impulse turbine, Pelton turbine, Power regulation
mechanisms, Supply and discharge system.
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology, Iraq.