Advances on Monosaccharides and Oligosaccharides: Structural Modifications and Bioactivities

Author(s): Shaochen Li, Min Lv*, Shaoyong Zhang, Hui Xu*

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 21 , Issue 17 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Derivatives of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides play important roles in biological processes. Monosaccharides are the single carbohydrate building blocks, such as glucose, xylose, and fructose. Oligosaccharides are composed of 2-10 monosaccharides, including disaccharides and trisaccharides. Moreover, monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and their derivatives are vital molecules with various biological properties, including anticancer activity, antiviral activity, insecticidal activity, antimicrobial activity, and antioxidant activity. This review covers a survey of structural modifications, biological activities, and mechanisms of action of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and their derivatives. Additionally, their structure-activity relationships are also concluded.

Keywords: Monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, structural modifications, bioactivities, mechanisms of action, structure–activity relationship.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 25 January, 2021
Page: [2551 - 2566]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1389557521666210125145321
Price: $65

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PDF: 121