Background: Heat pump air conditioning technology has broad application prospects and high
market value in the field of electric automobiles owing to its increasing performance and energy-saving
properties. Pure electric vehicles require high-energy consumption at low temperatures, which seriously
affects the popularity of electric vehicles with a heat pump air conditioning system.
Objective: The aim of this research is to describe the recent developments in the study of the heat pump
air conditioning system for electric vehicles.
Methods: This paper summarizes the research work of scholars published worldwide based on the electric
vehicle heat pump air conditioning system, premised on lately published patents and journal articles.
Starting from the components of the air conditioning system, focusing on the research results and development
trends that have been achieved in this field.
Results: The new technology path and pattern of the electrical vehicle heat pump air conditioning system
provide methods and suggestions for future growth, put forward by the current development situation.
Conclusion: The latest progress of the electric vehicle heat pump air conditioning system has been summarized
and prospected. There are still some problems and technical bottlenecks in heat pump air conditioning
system. It is of great significance to improve the environmental adaptability of electric vehicles
and optimize the reasonable heat pump air conditioning system for the endurance of electric vehicles.