Cases of diverticulosis of the colon continue to increase, especially in the Western countries.
In these countries, two-thirds of the population older than 70 years of age are considered to
experience this disease. Medical and surgical treatment for diverticulosis actually begun for the
complications of diverticulitis and lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The first evaluation of complicated
diverticular disease is based on patient’s history, physical examination, and laboratory data.
But all these exams and data can be inaccurate and are often questionable in the diagnoses of
many features of the disease. To describe the position, severity, and presence of complications of a
detected diverticulum is crucial to its appropriate treatment. The greater part of the patients have
mild disease and can be successfully cured medically. Only a small number of patients admit with
acute diverticulitis and need urgent surgical intervention. Determining these patients early is crucial
to morbidity and mortality reduction. Radiologic examination is important for exact evaluation
of the extent of the course of the disease over the last three decades. This article aims to chart the
place of the Computed Tomography (CT) imaging procedure in the assessment of acute complicated
Keywords: Colonic diverticula, diverticulitis, complications, computed tomography, colon, gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport