Effect of HCl Concentration and Acetone Washing on the Dielectric and Conduction Properties of Polyaniline Salts

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Jayashree Mohanty*, S.R. Mishra, Tanmaya Badapanda, S. Anwar

Journal Name: Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering
Formerly Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering


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Abstract:

Aims: The aim of the work is to study the effect of acid concentration and acetone washing on electrical properties of Polyaniline (PANI) salts prepared through chemically oxidative polymerization.

Background: The frequency dependent conductivity and dielectric permittivity provide important information on the electrical properties of conducting polymers which gives information regarding their utility in electronic applications.

Objective: Hence, the present study is based on the comparative the electrical properties study (dielectric and electrical conductivity) of PANI salts prepared in two different media like water and 1M HCl along with study regarding effect acetone washing on the said electrical properties of the polymer samples.

Methods: PANI salts are synthesized through chemical oxidative polymerisation of aniline hydrochloride with the oxidant ammonium persulphate in two different media like water and 1M HCl. One part of the PANI salt samples were washed with distilled water after synthesis and another part of the polymer samples were washed with distilled water followed by acetone to study the effect of acetone washing on the electrical properties of polymer samples.

Results: Non-acetone washed PANI salt prepared in water medium shows the highest dielectric as well as electrical conductivity due to the increased charge carriers provided both by long chain polymer as well as short chain oligomers. When the acid concentration is increased to 1M there may be loss of protons accompanied by pairing of free radicals to form quinoimine units that leads to the loss of charge carriers consequently decreasing the dielectric constant and electrical conductivity.

Conclusion: PANI salt prepared in water shows the highest dielectric as well as conductivity due to the increased charge carriers provided both by long chain polymer as well as short chain oligomers.

Keywords: Conducting polymer, polyaniline, oligomers, dielectric properties, conductivity, Acetone Washing

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Article Details

Published on: 19 January, 2021
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2405520414666210119124404
Price: $95

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