Aims: The aim of the work is to study the effect of acid concentration and acetone washing on electrical
properties of Polyaniline (PANI) salts prepared through chemically oxidative polymerization.
Background: The frequency dependent conductivity and dielectric permittivity provide important information on the
electrical properties of conducting polymers which gives information regarding their utility in electronic applications.
Objective: Hence, the present study is based on the comparative the electrical properties study (dielectric and electrical
conductivity) of PANI salts prepared in two different media like water and 1M HCl along with study regarding effect
acetone washing on the said electrical properties of the polymer samples.
Methods: PANI salts are synthesized through chemical oxidative polymerisation of aniline hydrochloride with the oxidant
ammonium persulphate in two different media like water and 1M HCl. One part of the PANI salt samples were washed
with distilled water after synthesis and another part of the polymer samples were washed with distilled water followed by
acetone to study the effect of acetone washing on the electrical properties of polymer samples.
Results: Non-acetone washed PANI salt prepared in water medium shows the highest dielectric as well as electrical
conductivity due to the increased charge carriers provided both by long chain polymer as well as short chain oligomers.
When the acid concentration is increased to 1M there may be loss of protons accompanied by pairing of free radicals to
form quinoimine units that leads to the loss of charge carriers consequently decreasing the dielectric constant and
Conclusion: PANI salt prepared in water shows the highest dielectric as well as conductivity due to the increased charge
carriers provided both by long chain polymer as well as short chain oligomers.