Protective Effects of Hydrogen against Irradiation

Author(s): Yasuhiro Terasaki*, Mika Terasaki, Akira Shimizu

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 5 , 2021


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Abstract:

Radiation-induced lung injury is characterized by an acute pneumonia phase followed by a fibrotic phase. At the time of irradiation, a rapid, short-lived burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radicals (•OH) occurs, but chronic radiation-induced lung injury may occur due to excess ROS such as H2O2, O2•−, ONOO−, and •OH. Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an efficient antioxidant that quickly diffuses cell membranes, reduces ROS such as •OH and ONOO−, and suppresses damage caused by oxidative stress in various organs. In 2011, through the evaluation of electron-spin resonance and fluorescent indicator signals, we had reported that H2 can eliminate •OH and can protect against oxidative stress-related apoptotic damage induced by irradiation of cultured lung epithelial cells. We had explored for the first time the radioprotective effects of H2 treatment on acute and chronic radiation-induced lung damage in mice by inhaled H2 gas (for acute) and imbibed H2-enriched water (for chronic). Thus, we had proposed that H2 be considered a potential radioprotective agent. Recent publications have shown that H2 directly neutralizes highly reactive oxidants and indirectly reduces oxidative stress by regulating the expression of various genes. By regulating gene expression, H2 functions as an anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic molecule and promotes energy metabolism. The increased evidence obtained from cultured cells or animal experiments reveal a putative place for H2 treatment and its radioprotective effect clinically. This review focuses on major scientific advances in the treatment of H2 as a new class of radioprotective agents.

Keywords: Apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, hydroxyl radical, peroxynitrite, free radical scavengers, radioprotective.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2021
Published on: 13 March, 2021
Page: [679 - 686]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1381612827666210119103545
Price: $65

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