Introduction: Coronaviruses (CoV) is a diverse group of viruses that has been described
in the literature since 1960, SARS, MERS, and the most recent SARS-CoV-2. This new virus is
causing a worldwide pandemic outbreak in the first half of 2020, thousands of deaths, and a significant
Objective: Due to this new context, the present study aimed to conduct a systematic study review
of the new Coronavirus's global status (COVID-2019) and its aspects compared to the previous
SARS-CoV infections MERS-CoV.
Methods: The study was conducted from January to September 2020, 89 clinical cases were submitted
to further analysis, and 77 studies were selected for systematic review under the PRISMA
Conclusion: In some countries, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic appears to be out of control. In case of
suspicion, tests are essential to identify the early stages of infection. If necessary, patients need to
go into quarantine, and other public health measures should be taken following the World Health
Organization guidelines. Advanced support is needed to identify and isolate infected patients, especially
vaccines and medicines that help control the virus and the epidemiological situation in each
country. These measures are expected to reduce the rate of new cases of SARS-CoV-2.