History and Global Status of the New Coronavirus Covid-2019 and Aspects of Previous Infections of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV: A Systematic Review

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Amanda Pinato Alves da Costa*, Vinicius Lisboa da Rocha, Rogério Rodrigo Ramos, José Martins Pinto Neto, Wagner Rafael da Silva, Luis Lenin Vicente Pereira, Kelys Ramos, Tais Cristina Nascimento Marques, Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho, André Wilian Lozano

Journal Name: Coronaviruses
The World's First International Journal Dedicated to Coronaviruses


Article ID: e130621190409
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Abstract:

Introduction: Coronaviruses (CoV) are a diverse group of viruses which has been described in the literature since 1960, SARS, MERS and the most recent SARS-CoV-2. This new virus is causing worldwide pandemic outbreak on the first half of 2020, thousands of deaths and a major economic crisis.

Objective: Due to this new context, the present study aimed to conduct a systematic study review on the global status of the new coronavirus (COVID-2019) and its aspects in comparison to the previous SARS-CoV infections and MERS-CoV.

Methods: The study was conducted from January to September 2020, 89 clinical cases were submitted to further analysis and 77 studies were selected to systematic review under the PRISMA guidelines.

Major findings and conclusion: In some countries the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic appears to be out of control. In case of suspicion, tests are essential to identify early stages of invection and, if necessary, patients need to be put in quarantine and other public health measures should be taken in accordance to the World Health Organization guidelines. Advanced support is needed to identify and isolate infected patients, especially vaccines and medicines that help to control the virus and the epidemiological situation in each country. These measures are expected to reduce the rate of new cases of SARS-CoV-2.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, Pandemic, Contagion, Coronavirus

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Article Details

Article ID: e130621190409
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2666796702666210118153843