Background: At the time of writing this paper, no data was available for the clinical and
epidemiological characteristics of African patients with COVID-19. Herein, we profiled retrospectively
the epidemiological characteristics (clinical, laboratory, radiological, treatment, and clinical
outcomes) of 64 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the Regional Hospital Center (RHC) of Errachidia
in Morocco. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological characteristics and laboratory
Findings of Covid-19 patients in Errachidia Province, Morocco.
Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study that included all COVID-19 confirmed patients
(died or discharged) hospitalized in the Regional Center of Errachidia, Morocco, between
March 20, 2020 and May 23, 2020. Patients were confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and epidemiological,
demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcomes of patients were extracted manually
from patient’s medical records.
Results: In a total of 64 patients with COVID-19, 60.9% of patients were men, with a mean age of
41.5 years (SD 18.62). At the admission, 38 patients were asymptomatic (59.4%), and 58 (90.6%)
were clinically classified as being in a benign state. Chronic illnesses were the most comorbidities
observed, including diabetes with 8 cases (12.5%), hypertension 3 cases (4.7%), and hyperlipidemia
1 patient (1.6%). The main symptoms were cough 15 (23.4%), fever 10 (15.6), diarrhea 8
(12.5%), headache 5 (7.8%), and sore throat 5 (7.8%). Only 7 patients (10.9%) had lung lesions,
and lymphopenia was present in only 7 patients (11.1%). The median duration of viral shedding
was 14.5 days (9-22). Concerning deceased cases, they were elderly subjects aged 69.75 years, and
they have presented dyspnea, breathing problems, and respiratory distress as specific symptoms. In
addition, an increase of the medians of serum AST, CRP, and glucose levels was noticed in this
group. During hospitalization, they presented acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and
they were transferred to intensive care before they died.
Conclusion: This study revealed that covid-19 infection often appeared in a benign form in the
studied population (90.6% in this study). This finding may incriminate the implication of some protective
parameters such as genetic, nutritional or other factors in the Moroccan population.