The Role of Nutrition During the COVID-19 Pandemic: What We Know

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Elsa Vitale, Manrico Magrone, Vito Galatola, Thea Magrone*

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders

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Background: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) (COVID-19) infection provokes serious clinical consequences, which in many situations need hospitalization of the patient in Intensive Care Unit. Additionally, SARS-COV-2 infection can indirectly cause deaths in aged individuals as well as in patients with comorbidities.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of nutrition during the COVID-19 pandemic in both hospitalized patients and in the general population.

Methods: Authors searched Medline (PubMed), Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Google, and Institutional websites for medical subheadings terms and free full text referred to “SARS-CoV-2”, COVID-19”, “nutrition”, “immune system”, before 31st July 2020.

Results: A total of 20 articles describing different nutritional interventions for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection focusing on the general population have been included. Of these, 6 studies are dealing with nutritional interventions for patients with SARS-CoV2 infection and the others are focalized on a potential beneficial effect exerted by a Mediterranean-type diet, related to the supplementation of micronutrients and vitamins.

Conclusion: A correct lifestyle even including the consumption of nutrient largely present in MD, may be beneficial for preventing or improving prognosis in the SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Keywords: Immune system, nutrition, patients, prevention, SARS-CoV-2

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Article Details

Published on: 14 January, 2021
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666210114154401
Price: $95

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