Background : Temporal bone is a region where fat suppression is difficult due to the inhomogeneity
of various structures with different molecular properties.
Introduction:: We aimed to determine the most effective fat suppression sequence in order to increase
the visibility of the inner ear region.
Materials and Methods: The hybrid techniques and T1-Weighted mDIXON images of 40 patients
with Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging of the inner ear were prospectively compared by two experienced
radiologists in terms of fat suppression efficacy. In all fat-suppressed sequences, the Signal
to Noise Ratio (SNR), the spinal cord signal intensity / mean fat signal intensity ratio and spinal
cord signal to noise ratio were calculated. The suppression efficacy of MR techniques for fat areas
in the inner ear was visually graded.
Results: Qualitative assessment of image quality due to fat suppression in the inner ear was made;
the Dixon technique performed significantly better than SPAIR and SPIR techniques (p<0.0001).
The mean signal intensity of the inner ear fat and SNR for the Dixon technique were significantly
lower than that for SPIR and SPAIR techniques (p<0.0001). Inter-observer agreement regarding
the assessment of the inner ear fat, mean signal intensity values and mean SNR values for fat suppression
techniques was significant.
Conclusion: The Dixon technique exhibited higher image quality and fat suppression efficiency
than the hybrid techniques in the MR imaging of the inner ear.