Plant RABs: Role in Development and in Abiotic and Biotic Stress Responses

Author(s): Manas K. Tripathy*, Renu Deswal, Sudhir K. Sopory

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 22 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Abstract:

Endosomal trafficking plays an integral role in various eukaryotic cellular activities and is vital for higher-order functions in multicellular organisms. RAB GTPases are important proteins that influence various aspects of membrane traffic, which consequently influence many cellular functions and responses. Compared to yeast and mammals, plants have evolved a unique set of plant-specific RABs that play a significant role in their development. RABs form the largest family of small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins, and are divided into eight sub-families named RAB1, RAB2, RAB5, RAB6, RAB7, RAB8, RAB11 and RAB18. Recent studies on different species suggest that RAB proteins play crucial roles in intracellular trafficking and cytokinesis, in autophagy, plant microbe interactions and in biotic and abiotic stress responses. This review recaptures and summarizes the roles of RABs in plant cell functions and in enhancing plant survival under stress conditions.

Keywords: Abiotic stress, biotic stress, GTP binding protein, RAB, Guanosine triphosphate, vesicle trafficking.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 12 April, 2021
Page: [26 - 40]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1389202922666210114102743
Price: $65

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