Aim and Objective: To explore the impact of synthesis conditions (temperature and time) on the properties
of developed Graphene Oxide (GO).
Background: A highly promising approach has been used for the synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) from graphite
flakes using the modified Hummers method. Concentrated sulfuric acid was used as an intercalating agent and
the oxidation was done with the help of potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide.
Methods: The present method does not need expensive membranes for the filtration of Carbon and metalcontaining
residues. The pre-cooling method is used to eradicate the explosive behavior of intermediate steps.
The high quality of synthesized graphene oxides was confirmed by a series of characterization techniques, including
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric
analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy.
Results: The results indicated the presence of Oxygen-containing functional groups, and a rise in the Oxygen
content confirmed the synthesis of high-quality graphene oxide.
Conclusion: As per obtained experimental findings and subsequent analysis, the synthesized high-quality graphene
oxide could be used in the design of membranes for water treatment applications.