Aims: Many pharmacutical plants belonged to this region are used as the traditional drug by traditional physicians of the
Urmia city in order to treat signs of disorders and cardiovescular system diseases.
Background: The Ghasemloo valley located in the Urmia city is one of the typical areas in the northwestern Iran and includes
many pharmacutical and plant species.
Objective: Many pharmacutical plants belonged to this region are used as the traditional drug by traditional physicians of the Urmia
city in order to treat signs of disorders and cardiovescular system diseases.
Method: Study was performed among 35 grocers in the Urmia city to identify effective and famous pharmacutical plants in
treatment of cardiovescular and related diseases. Firstly a complete list of Urmia grocers was prepared from the Food and Drug
Administrator of the Urmia University of Medical Sciences. The direct observation and interview alongside collecting herbarium
samples of usual and effective indigenous medicinal plants were used to identify disorders and different signs of cardiovascular
diseases. Questionnaires included personal information of grocers and they completed indigenous plants list containing information
including the plant local name, the used organ, method of use, and the traditional therapeutic effect. Herbarium samples mentioned
in the questionnaire were collected from the region and sent to the Jahad-e-Keshavarzi Research Centers and the Agriculture
Faculty of Urmia university to determine the genus and species. After identifying and confirming the plant species, data related to
the plant and results of cardiovascular research conducted on them were collected and recorded with reference to valid scientific
sites. Data were enterred into the Excel 2010 program and then analyzed.
Result: 60 medicinal plants of 26 families in Urmia were identified as effective in treatment of cardiovascular diseases from
interviews and questionnaires; some plants mentioned in this study had known traditional therapeutic effects on cardiovascular
disorders in the literature and some were identified with new effects. Results showed that the most therapeutic effects in
cardiovascular diseases belonged to families Rosaceae (15%), Fabaceae (13%), Asteraceae (13%), and Apiaceae (10%). The most
used organs of plants were the leave (23%) and fruit (19%). Plants were used mainly as infusion (68%) in the traditional method.
Most plants of this study were used to treat the blood cholesterol (29%), hypertension (9%), the blood coagulation, prevention of
bleeding (9%), and decrease in the abdominal fat (9%).
Conclusion: Some herbs introduced in this study have new therapeutic effects introduced for the first time. It is necessary to study
therapeutic effects of indigenous plants presented in this research in order to prove studied and mentioned therapeutic effects and to
provide study field for researchers in relation to identifying effective substances and studying claimed clinical effects of these
plants on different cardiovascular diseases.